Thesis

Radiation Damage of Optical Components in Scintillator Detectors: from ATLAS/LHC Tile Calorimeter to Future Experiments

Details

  • Call:

    PT-CERN Call 2021/1

  • Academic Year:

    2021/2022

  • Domain:

    Astrophysics

  • Supervisor:

    Rute Pedro

  • Co-Supervisor:

    Patricia Conde Muino

  • Institution:

    Instituto Superior Técnico (Universidade de Lisboa)

  • Host Institution:

    Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas

  • Abstract:

    The ATLAS Tile Calorimeter (TileCal) is an essential instrument to measure jets, hadrons and the missing energy, participating in the trigger and electron/photon identification. The organic scintillators and wavelength-shifting fibres of the detector are known to degrade with LHC operation, which will be extended by the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) phase. The objective of the thesis is to study the radiation damage of these optical components, extrapolating their degradation to the HL-LHC. Additionally, the TileCal performance history with dose exposure is a useful and timely input to the design of future collider experiments. Another objective is to explore how the detector design parameters, eg. scintillator/fibre sizes, correlate with the light yield degradation using Machine Learning. The thesis also comprises the optical characterisation of scintillator samples based new organic materials within the scope of an R&D project on scintillators for future detectors.